Is a VPN needed in Zambia?
Zambia, a landlocked jewel in the heart of Southern Africa, is celebrated for its rugged terrains, diverse wildlife, and rich cultures. While the government has made commendable strides in enhancing internet connectivity and digital infrastructure, the nation faces mounting challenges in securing digital rights, upholding online freedom, and guaranteeing internet privacy.
Recent years have seen Zambia’s internet freedom subjected to increased scrutiny. According to Freedom House’s reports, the government’s continuous pressure on online freedom of expression has led to a notable uptick in self-censorship online. More alarmingly, the Cyber Security and Cyber Crimes Act (CSCCA) of March 2021 is poised to amplify the government’s ability to curb online expression and compromise the privacy of Zambians.
During the August 2021 general elections, amidst a record voter turnout, authorities restricted access to several social media platforms. These actions signal a concerning trend, urging the newly elected President Hakainde Hichilema to ensure internet access remains open, shield Zambians from undue prosecutions for online speech, and fortify data protection mechanisms.
While Zambia hasn’t adopted a stringent stance against P2P services or torrenting, users are advised to proceed with caution in light of the changing landscape of digital rights and recent legislative reforms. Zambians generally enjoy broad access to a variety of media websites and international social media platforms. However, recent events, such as the restrictions during the August 2021 elections, highlight the potential volatility of these digital rights in times of heightened political tension. Additionally, while net neutrality in Zambia remains a relatively underexplored topic, the nation’s recent legislative movements and their implications for online content suggest that this may become a pivotal issue in future dialogues.
Zambia’s legal landscape concerning digital rights has seen significant changes recently. The Data Protection Act No. 3 of 2021 aims to establish an effective framework for personal data protection, while the Cyber Security and Cyber Crimes Act No. 2 of 2021 seeks to reform the government’s approach to online content, affecting online speech, anonymity, privacy, and information security.
Although specific details regarding Zambia’s government surveillance practices are elusive, it is pertinent to recognize that, across Africa, privacy rights—although well-protected in legal documentation—are often jeopardized by ambiguous laws or complete disregard of said laws to facilitate illicit digital surveillance of citizens. For Zambians prioritizing their digital privacy, adopting measures like VPNs, data encryption, and secure messaging apps is advisable.
Zambia’s journey through the digital age is rife with challenges and opportunities. As the nation negotiates the intricate balance between harnessing digital benefits and protecting its citizens’ rights, it becomes crucial to stay informed and vigilant. Adopting global standards and lessons from neighboring countries can equip Zambia to foster a digital realm that’s both progressive and protective.