Central African Republic

The Central African Republic (CAR) is a landlocked country in Central Africa, known for its rich natural resources but plagued by ongoing conflict and political instability. In a nation where internet penetration remains low, issues surrounding internet freedom, surveillance, and privacy are often overshadowed by immediate security and humanitarian concerns. However, as the internet becomes more accessible, these issues are gaining importance.

Freedom of Expression and Censorship

Freedom of expression in the Central African Republic is constrained by ongoing conflicts and political instability. The government, under the guise of national security, has occasionally resorted to internet shutdowns and social media blocks. For instance, in 2018, SMS services were suspended, and internet access restricted amid protests and demonstrations. The Press Freedom Law of 2005 provides some protections for journalists but is often not rigorously enforced, leading to self-censorship among journalists and media outlets. While the constitution guarantees freedom of expression, the reality is often different, especially for topics sensitive to the government or armed groups.

Government Surveillance

Information regarding government surveillance activities in the CAR is scant. However, given the political climate and ongoing conflicts, it is reasonable to speculate that both governmental and non-governmental entities could be involved in surveillance activities to maintain control or influence. The lack of robust legal frameworks around data protection and privacy leaves the door open for potential abuses, although the extent of these activities is not well-documented.

Social Media Access and Data Retention

Social media platforms are not as widely used in the CAR as in other countries, primarily due to low internet penetration rates. When used, they serve as crucial platforms for information exchange and political activism. There are no specific data retention laws in the country, but telecom companies are generally expected to cooperate with authorities, especially in matters of national security.

Impact on Privacy and Security

The impact on privacy and security in the Central African Republic is closely tied to the country’s political and security situation. In the absence of comprehensive data protection legislation and with ongoing conflicts involving various armed groups, the risk to personal privacy and security is high. Individuals may be subject to surveillance or data interception by various parties interested in maintaining political or military control.


In the Central African Republic, the internet is a growing space for communication and activism but is fraught with challenges tied to the country’s complex political landscape. There are significant gaps in the legal framework governing internet freedom, surveillance, and data protection, leaving citizens vulnerable to abuses. As the country grapples with its ongoing crises, the issues of internet freedom, privacy, and security are increasingly important dimensions that require attention.

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