Global Coverage in VPNs: Windscribe Case Analysis

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Table of Contents

  1. Methodology
  2. Findings
    1. Visual #1
    2. Visual #2
  3. Global Coverage Analysis
  4. Implications and Further Study
  5. Conclusion

Virtual Private Networks, or VPNs as they are commonly known, are vital tools in the digital age. They allow users to browse the internet safely and privately by creating a secure, encrypted connection between their device and the internet. This not only safeguards users’ data from potential threats but also allows them to bypass geographic restrictions, providing a global internet experience free of borders.

The study of VPN server distribution is an intriguing yet often overlooked area of internet research. By examining where VPN providers place their servers globally, we gain invaluable insight into patterns of internet use, cybersecurity concerns, and technological infrastructure. Furthermore, understanding this distribution can shed light on internet freedoms and digital accessibility across different nations.

As our world becomes increasingly interconnected, such analysis becomes ever more crucial. It provides us with the capacity to understand the changing landscape of the internet and its implications on global communication, data security, and individual freedoms. Let’s delve into this fascinating area of study.


This study draws upon a comprehensive dataset of Windscribe servers, covering the global distribution of available servers throughout the year 2023. We included all countries represented in this dataset, spanning all seven continents and a multitude of diverse regions.

To accurately assess the VPN server distribution, we categorized servers by their physical locations, aligning them with their respective countries. The subsequent step involved mapping these countries to their continents, providing us with two primary levels of data granularity: country-level and continent-level distribution.

Our investigation then took a per-capita approach to make sense of these findings. Considering raw server counts could be misleading due to significant population differences between countries. To obtain more balanced and meaningful insights, we calculated servers per million population for each country. This involved dividing the number of servers in each country by its population and multiplying the result by one million. The resultant metric gives us an intuitive sense of the density of VPN servers in relation to the country’s population, ensuring fair comparisons across countries of different sizes.

Through these methodologies, we aimed to paint a comprehensive and precise picture of global VPN server distribution. Now, let’s discuss our main findings.


When exploring the VPN server landscape of Windscribe, we noticed certain intriguing patterns in the global distribution of servers.

Our analysis showed that the distribution of servers is not uniform across all continents. North America and Europe collectively host the majority of this VPN company’s servers, accounting for approximately 81% of its global total. Meanwhile, Asia, despite having a large share of the world’s population, is home to only 9% of this company’s total servers. Oceania and South America house about 4% and 2% respectively. Africa, unfortunately, is where this VPN provider’s presence is least felt, representing less than 2% of its servers.

The United States, with its technologically advanced infrastructure, stands out in this particular VPN network with the highest server count. Conversely, countries like Sweden and Albania, despite their smaller populations, also have a significant presence in this network, especially when we consider server density on a per capita basis.

Our per capita analysis revealed that the raw count of servers doesn’t necessarily align with population size. Despite having smaller total numbers, Sweden and Albania each have a high number of servers per million people, indicating a dense VPN network for their population size. On the flip side, some larger countries with a higher overall server count, like India, have a less dense server distribution when considered from a per capita perspective.

This per capita approach gives us a more balanced view, making for meaningful comparisons across nations. It helped identify overperformers and underperformers within this VPN provider’s network, highlighting the uneven distribution of servers. As such, it paves the way for deeper conversations about VPN accessibility and digital freedom across different regions, even within a single provider’s network.

Visual #1

This heatmap reveals the global concentration of VPN servers at a city level, based on data from May 2023. Toronto, Richmond Hill, and Atlanta lead the pack with 134, 85, and 78 servers respectively. Interestingly, major cities like New York City, London, and Paris also have substantial server presences, reflecting the high demand and internet connectivity in these metropolitan areas. The diverse distribution of servers across continents highlights the global reach and accessibility of this particular VPN provider’s network.

Visual #2

Global Coverage Analysis

While opportunities exist to augment their infrastructure, Windscribe’s current global VPN network demonstrates broad international coverage. They maintain servers in over 50 nations across all continents, with a presence in regions often lacking coverage from smaller VPN providers. Though server counts vary, Windscribe delivers the foundation for global VPN accessibility.

Windscribe has the most servers in North America and parts of Europe, including over 700 nodes in the United States and over 100 in the United Kingdom. They also have a notable presence in Brazil with 22 servers, Russia with 39 servers, and Africa with locations in Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, and the UAE. While Windscribe could boost server counts in these regions to compete with the highest levels, their current coverage allows them to deliver VPN services across diverse international markets.

There may be opportunities for Windscribe to supplement their global network by adding servers in regions with strong internet usage growth. Increasing server concentrations in emerging markets like Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, and Asia could capture demand among expanding customer segments. However, Windscribe’s existing infrastructure – encompassing all inhabited continents and over half of the world’s nations – already provides VPN services at a scale that international users would find broadly accessible. With more than adequate global foundations in place, Windscribe can consider targeted growth that builds on – rather than fundamentally alters – their robust international coverage.

Implications and Further Study

Our findings offer an intriguing snapshot of the geographic distribution of Windscribe’s servers in May 2023. However, as with any study, the results come with a caveat: the data and findings presented here represent a single point in time and are subject to change. For future studies and to maintain accuracy, this analysis should ideally be updated at regular intervals.

Interestingly, our findings indicate that the size and density of a VPN provider’s network can directly impact user experience. It is no secret that a VPN user is likely to experience less latency with a server closer to their physical location. Therefore, broader global coverage, resulting in lower latencies, could be a significant advantage for a VPN provider.

However, as this analysis provides raw server totals, we can only speculate why the VPN provider in question has chosen to set up their network in this specific manner. Factors such as local laws, market demand, and technological infrastructure could all influence this decision, but without direct information, these remain educated guesses.

Moreover, our study does not provide insight into the demographics or preferences of the provider’s user base. It is important to recognize that every VPN user has unique needs and desires, whether it be for privacy, accessing geo-restricted content, or maintaining secure communications. Understanding user preferences could certainly provide another layer of depth to such analyses.

A key limitation of our study is that it only looks at the geographical distribution of servers. It does not consider other crucial factors like ISP/ASN diversity, the variety of IP addresses, the quality of the servers, among others. Future research could certainly focus on these aspects for a more comprehensive evaluation of VPN services.

Finally, it’s worth noting that this is just one of many methods that we’ve employed to analyze VPN providers. Our upcoming publications will dive into other approaches to continue shedding light on this ever-evolving digital landscape, ensuring users are as informed as possible when making their VPN choices. Stay tuned!


In our digital world, where privacy, security, and unrestricted access to information are more important than ever, understanding the dynamics of VPN server distribution becomes crucial. Through this study, we’ve taken a look at a particular VPN provider’s server distribution as of May 2023, offering a unique glimpse into the complex landscape of virtual private networks.

Our study reveals fascinating patterns and disparities in global VPN server distribution. Despite these insights, it’s essential to remember that our understanding of this field is still developing. As such, these findings shouldn’t be interpreted as the final word but rather a stepping stone towards more comprehensive future analyses.

In addition, our examination underscores the need for continued investigation into VPN server infrastructure and policies. Factors like local laws, technological capabilities, and user demand shape the geographical distribution of servers. However, they represent just the tip of the iceberg in terms of what influences VPN server placements.

Ultimately, these findings emphasize that, as consumers, we must strive to better understand the services we use daily. So, we encourage you to dive deeper, question more, and stay informed. Whether you’re a VPN user concerned about connection speed and security, or a curious observer interested in the intricacies of digital infrastructures, there’s always more to learn.

As we continue to analyze and understand VPN providers using various methods, we invite you to join us on this journey. There’s plenty more to uncover, so keep reading, keep questioning, and stay tuned for more insights.

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